Houtwal.be --> Fruit ABC-encyclopedie --> Nomenclatuur index - Groenten en kruiden A - E: Latijn, Nederlands, Engels en Frans


Groentetuin: groenten, tuinkruiden en bijzondere eetbare gewassen in enkele talen:
(Vegetables and herbs) A - E

(Latin, Nederlands/Dutch, English, Français)

Belangrijke groenten (geslachten) voor de groentetuin:

Allium, Anthriscus, Apium, Asparagus, Beta, Brassica, Capsicums, Cichorium, Cucumis, Cucurbita, Cyphomandra, Daucus en Eruca.

WETENSCHAPPELIJKE NAAM (Latin) NEDERLANDSE NAAM (Dutch) ENGLISH FRANCAIS
Allium x proliferum (?) Egyptische ui, boomui, Catawissa tree onion, Egyptian onion, top onion oignon d’Egypte
Allium ascalonicum L. (syn. Allium cepa var.ascalonicum) Sjalot shallot, scallion échalotte
Allium cepa L. (syn. Allium cepa var.cepa) Ajuin: zaai-, winter-, plant-, (ui), ((zilverui)) onion ail à planter, oignon
Allium cepa proliferum (syn. A. c. 'Proliferum')<n> (syn. Allium cepa var.cepa) Ajuin: inmaak-, zilver- pearl onion, silverskin onion petit oignon blanc
Allium chinense Bieslook: Chinese-,   ciboulette chinoise
Allium fistulosum L. (Allium fistulosum (o.a.’Ishikura’) Bieslook: grove-, stengelajuin, pijplook, (Japanse Bosui, lenteui) Welsh onion, spring onion, ciboule ciboule: - rouge commune, -blanche hative, ciboule, cive, ail fistuleux, oignon d’hiver
Allium porrum L. (syn. Allium porrum var porrum) Prei leek(s), common leek, purret poirreau, poireau
Allium porrum var.porrum niet-echt pareluitje, (bolletje jonge prei)    
Allium porrum var.sectivum pareluitje pearl onion  
Allium sativum (syn. Allium sativum var.sativum) Knoflook, look common garlic, garlic ail blanc, ail commun
Allium schoenoprasum Bieslook: fijne-, common chive, chives ciboulette commune, la ciboulette, civette, cive, ail joucoïde
Allium tricoccum bosui  "ramps" or "wild leeks" ail des bois
Allium tuberosum Chinese bieslook, Knolbieslook,  Chinese prei, Chinese chives, Chinese leeks, flowering chives, garlic chives ciboulette à l'ail, ciboulette chinoise, ciboule, cive
Allium ursinum daslook bear’s garlic, ramsons ail d’ours
Alpinia galanga Laoswortel, galangawortel greater galangal galanga de l’Inde
Amaranthus cruentus graanamarant    
Amaranthus dubius Surinaamse klaroen, amarant    
Amaranthus tricolor amarant amaranth amarante
Amaranthus tricolor var. gangeticus Ganges-amarant Chinese spinach amarante
Anethum graveolens dille dill, common dill aneth, aneth odorant
Angelica archangélica sativa (syn. A. a. 'Sativa') <n> engelwortel angelica angélique, archangélique
Anthemis nobilis   Chamomile  
Anthriscus cerefolium sativum (syn. A. c. var.sativum) Kervel chervil cerfeuil
Apium graveolens L. Selder: groene-, bladselderij soup celery, smallage celeri verts, céleris à couper, céleri creux, céleri petit
Apium graveolens L. var. dulce (MILL.) D.C. Selder: bleek-, groeneselderij (gele-), witte selder, bleekselderij (white) celery célery à côtes, (plein blanc), célery-branche
Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (MILL.) DC. Selder: knolselder, knolselderij celeriac, German celery céleri-rave, céleri pomme
Apium graveolens var. secalinum  Selder: snijselder, gewone-snijselderij, groene selder, bladselderij, soepselder cutting celery, soup celery célery à couper
Arbutus unedo (syn. Muntingia calabura?) Aardbeienboom Strawberry Tree  
Archangelica officinalis engelwortel angelica angélique, archangélique
Arctium lappa var edule kliswortel edible burdock bardane, bardane géante
Armoracia lapathifolia (syn. A. rusticana, Cochlearia armoracia) mierikswortel, (boerenmosterd, Duitse mosterd, mieriek, paardenradijs, peperwortel, wilde mosterd, zeeradijs) horse radish raifort sauvage, cran, cranson, médérick, rave sauvage
Artemisia dracunculus dragon tarragon estragon, torgon, serpentine
Artemisia vulgaris L. bijvoet mugwort artemise
Arundinaria species,
Phylostachys species
Bamboe Bamboos  
Asparagus officinalis L. Asperge asparagus asperge
Aster tripolium L. Zeeaster (lamsoor: in Zeeland) sea aster, sea-starwort, lambstongue astérie
Atriplex hortensis Melde, tuinmelde orache, mountain spinach, garden orache arroche, arroche épinard
Avena sativa ((haver)) de haver oats arvine, avoine,
Barbarea praecox     cresson de jardin, cresson de terre
Barbarea verna (Barbaréa verna) Amerikaanse-winterkers upland cress; land cress   
Barbaréa vulgaris Winterkers, Barbarakruid   barbarée, cresson de jardin
Basella alba Basella Malabar spinach, vine spinach, slippery vegetable épinard de Malabar
Benincasa hispida waskalebas wax gourd, Chinese preserving, melon, winter melon, young : fuzzy melon courge cireuse
Beta vulgaris Snijbietblad, warmoes blettes of bettes
Beta vulgaris L. var. rubra L. {syn. Beta vulgaris var. conditiva subv. rubra} Kroot, rodebiet, ((Betterave)), beet-root, garden beet betteraves potageres, betterave rouge
Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. (syn. B. vulgaris var.flavescens) Snijbietribben, warmoes leaf-beet, spinach beet, Swiss chard, blettes, poirrée, bette, poirée, cotte de bettes
Beta vulgaris var. rapa Tuinbiet beetroot  
Blighia sapida   Akee  
Borago officinalis Bernagie, komkommerkruid, borage borage, cooltankard bourrache
Brassica alboglabra Chinese broccoli, kailan Chinese kale, Chinese broccoli, early kailaan Chinesischer Brokkoli
Brassica campestris chinensis L. Pak-Soi, Tai-Sai, ("raapstelen") pakchoi, spoon cabbage pakchoi
Brassica campestris subsp. chinensis Zie Brassica campestris var. pekinensis    
Brassica campestris var. alboglabra Chinese-broccoli, (Kailan)    
Brassica campestris var. parachinensis Choisum    
Brassica campestris var. pekinensis (syn. B. c. subsp chinensis) Chinesekool, Pe-Tsae, Pak-Soi, Tai-Sai, ("raapstelen") chinese cabbage, celery cabbage, bok choi, Pak-Soi, Tai-Sai chou de chine
Brassica cernua Zie Brassica campestris var. pekinensis    
Brassica chinensis var.parachinensis Tjoy-sam, choisum, tsoisam ? Chinese flowering cabbage, choy sum  
Brassica japonica Japanse Kool, mizuma, Japaneze cabbage choux de Japan,
Brassica juncea ssp integrifolia mosterdkool leaf mustard, Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, mustard greens moutarde de Chine
Brassica juncea ssp juncea amsoi, sareptamosterd Amsoi amsoi
Brassica napus var. napobrassica (L.) REHB. Koolraap, (raapstelen?) (rutabaga, zomerkool) (kruising herfstknol & raapkool) turnip-cabbagen, rutabaga, Russian-turnip, (rape?) swede, turnip, swedish turnip chou-rave, chounavet, rutabaga (choux-raves?)
Brassica napus var.pabularia   leaf rape chou à faucher
Brassica oleracea convar.acephala var.sabellica boerenkool, (boerekool) kale, curly kale, green cabbage chou frisé
Brassica oleracea L. convar. acephala (DC.) ALEF. var. sabellica L., Br.oleracea Sabellica Groep Krulkool, boerenkool borecole (kale)  
Brassica oleracea (convar. bullata) var. gemmifera (D.C.), Br.oleracea Gemmifera Groep (syn. Brassica oleracea convar.fruticosa var.gemmifera) Spruitkool, spruiten Brussels sprouts choux de Bruxelles, chou rosette
Brassica oleracea (convar. capitata) var rubra, Br.oleracea Capitata Groep (syn. Brassica oleracea convar.capitata var.capitata f.rubra) Rodekool cabbage red, choux cabus rouge, choux rouge, (pommes rouges), Rotkohl /Blaukraut, Rotkraut / Rotkabis, Roter Kappes
Brassica oleracea (convar. capitata) var. sabauda, Br.oleracea Sabouda Groep (syn. Brassica oleracea convar.capitata var.sabauda) Savooikool, savooiekool, (meisavooi), groene kool, savooi cabbage savoy, Savoy cabbage choux de savoie, (chou de mai), chou de Milan, chou pancalier
Brassica oleracea botryris cymosa, Br.oleracea Italica Groep (B.ol.bot.var italica) Broccoli sprouting broccoli, Calabrese chou broccoli, chou-fleur d'hiver
Brassica oleracea botrytis subv. cauliflora zie Brassica oleracea var. botrytis    
Brassica oleracea convar.acephala var.gongylodes koolrabi, raapkool, glaskoolraap kohlrabi, turnip cabbage chou-rave, colrave
Brassica oleracea convar.acephala var.viridis zwarte kool, zwarte boerenkool kale, borecale chou cavalie
Brassica oleracea L. convar. botrytis (L.) ALEF. var. botrytis Bloemkool, Romanesco of groene-torentjesbloemkool, roodpaarse bloemkool green cauliflower chou-fleur vert
Brassica oleracea L. convar. botrytis (L.) ALEF. var. botrytis 'Alverda' Bloemkool, groene-bloemkool, (winterbloemkool, broccoli) cauliflower choux-fleurs, (chou-fleurs brocolis d'hiver, blancs)
Brassica oleracea L. convar. botrytis {(L.) ALEF.} var. cymosa DUCH. Broccoli calabrese, sprouting broccoli, broccoli chou-brocoli, (choux-fleurs Italiens, Brocolis a jets, Brocolis tiges
Brassica oleracea L.(convar. capitata) var alba (syn. Brassica oleracea convar.capitata var.capitata f.alba) Wittekool, sluitkool, spitskool white cabbage choux cabus, choux (pommé) blanc (pommes blancs), choux pommé,
Brassica oleracea var. acephala subv. laciniata (syn. Br. acephala DC.) Krulkool, boerenkool borecole (kale) choux non-pommés
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis, Br.oleracea Botrytis Groep Bloemkool Cauliflower chou-fleur
Brassica oleracea var. conica Spitskool: (wit, grijsgroen)    
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes L., Br.oleracea Gongylodes Groep Koolrabi (groene-), raapkool kohl-rabi, knollkohl, hungaria turnip chou-rave, chou de Siam
Brassica pekinensis (LOUR.) RUPR. Chinese-kool chinese cabbage, Chinese leaf chou chinois, Japankohl
Brassica perviridis komatsuma, mosterdspinazie tendergreen, mustard spinach (USA) moutarde épinard
Brassica rapa (raapzaad, koolzaad)) het koolzaad, raapzaad, (raps) the rape colza, le
Brassica rapa var cymosa cima di rapa, Italiaanse raapsteel   cima di rapa
Brassica rapa var majalis (B.r. subv.majalis) Meiraap turnip navet
Brassica rapa var rapa raapsteel 'Namenia' (getand) turnip tops brocolis de rave
Brassica rapa var. rapifera Tuinraap, herfstraap, (Jap.raapjes, Kabu) turnips, swedes  
Brassica species (diverse soorten) Raapstelen    
Calendula officinalis L. Goudsbloem marigold souci
Capsicum Spaanse peper, chilipeper, cayennepeper chilli chilly  
Capsicum annuum var. annuum Paprika paprica,  sweet pepper  (paprica), piment doux
Capsicum chinense JACQ. Surinaamse gele peper, habaneropeper habanero pepper; Scotch bonnet pepper  
Capsicum frutescens L. Tabascopeper, cayennepeper Tabasco pepper, Bird chillies Piment
Capsicum pubescens Boompeper, ( koudetolerant paprika) Tree pepper   
Carum carci L. karwij common caraway carvi, anis des Vosges, cumin des prés, carvi cultivé
Chaerophyllum bulbosum L. (Chaerophyllum bulbosum ssp.bulbosum) Knolkervel tuberous chervil, turnip-rooted chervil cerfeuil tubéreux
champignon de paddestoel mushroom champignon
Chenopodium ambrosiodes Mexikaans, aromatisch kruid epazote  
Chenopodium bonus-henricus Brave-hendrik Good King Henry, wild spinach bon Henry, épinard sauvage, anserine, chenopode bon-henri,
Chenopodium foliosum Rode-aardbei-spinazie    
Chenopodium quinoa quinoa pigweed quinoa
Chrysanthemum coronarium Gekroonde-ganzebloem garland, chysanthemum, Chrysanthemum greens chrysantheme comestible, chrysanthèmes des jardins
Cicer arietinum India desi -type : klein,donker, sterk gerimpeld    
Cicer arietinum kikkererwt, kekererwt chick pea, gram pois chiche
Cichorium endiva L.var. crispum Andijvie: krulandijvie endive, chicorée frisée, chicorees frisees, (endives)
Cichorium endiva var.latifolius ( C.e.latifolium) Andijvie: breedbladige-, gladde andijvie broadleaved endive chicoree endive (scarole?), chicorée scarole,
Cichorium intybus wilde cichorei wild chicory chicorée sauvage, barbe de capucin, mignonnette
Cichorium intybus L. Cichoreiwortel en wortelcichorei, (slacichorei) root chicory (Sugar loaf,) chicorée sauvage, barbe de capucin, mignonnette, (pain de sucre)
Cichorium intybus L. Witloof, witlof Belgian endive, Brussels chicory, French endive, chicorée de Bruxelles, witloof, chicons, chicon chicorée de Bruxelles, chicorée witloof, endive (Belgique)
Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Suikerij: groene-, groenlof, suikerbrood sugar loaf pain de sucre, chicorée sauvage améliorée
Cichorium intybus var. foliosum HEGI Suikerij: rode-, Radicchio Rosso, (roodlof) chicory radicchio, red (leaved) chicorée rouge
Cichorium intybus var.foliosum bladcichorei large-leaved chicory chicorée à feuilles, chicorée à l’italienne
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) LANSF. Citrullus vulgaris Watermeloen Water melon Pastèque, melon d'eau
Claytonia perfoliata (syn. Montia perfoliata) Winterpostelein winter purslane miner’s lettuce claytone, pourpier d’ hiver, claytone de Cuba
Cochléaria officinalis Lepelblad, lepelkruid spoonwort, scurvy grass, scorbute grass cochléaire, cranson, herbe au scorbut
Colocasia esculenta taro taro, cocoyam, taro, chou de Chine, colocasse
Colocasia esculenta var.antiquorum kleine Chinese taroknol, eddo eddo eddo
Coriandrum sativum coriander, koriander coriander coriandre
Crambe maritima Zeekool seakale, silver kale crambé maritime , crambé, chou marin
Cryptotaenia japonica Mitsuba, Japanse-snijselder, Jap.-breedbl. -peterselie   persil Japonais 'Mitsuba'
Cucumis melo Meloen, melon, muskmelon melons
Cucumis metuliferus Kiwano, stekelaugurk horned cucumber, jelly melon, horned melon Kiwano, concombre africain, concombre cornu
Cucumis sativus Komkommer, (augurk) cucumbers, (pickling cucumber gherkin, slicing cucumber) concombres, (cornichon, cocombre)
Cucumis sativus L. Augurk, augurkjes, cornichon gherkin cornichons
Cucurbita maxima Pompoen, Grote of reuzenpompoen, (kalebas), Kürbis Pumpkin, Canada crookned, winter squash, gourd Courge bédonine, courge, potirons, citrouille
Cucurbita moschata muskus kalebas pumpkin, winter squash courge musquée
Cucurbita pepo spaghettipompoen vegetable spaghetti, spaghetti squash spaghetti végétal, coloquintes
Cucurbita pepo (ssp.) texana Texaspompoen    Copyright G. De Kinder - www.houtwal.be
Cucurbita pepo L. (var. melopepo) (syn. C. pepo (ssp.) pepo (convar.) giromontiina Courgette, mergpompoen,, zomerpompoen, sierpompoen, marrow, vegetable marrow, summer squash, Courgette courge pépon, courgettes
Cucurbita pepo L. (var. melopepo) (syn. C. pepo (ssp.) pepo (convar.) patissonina Patisson, Zuchetti, courgette custard marrow, scallop, squash, (summer squash, French marrow, Autumn pumpkin) Courge, Patisson
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba guarboon cluster bean, guar guar
Cyclanthera pedata korila korila, wild cucumber  
Cynara cardunculus (var. altilis) kardoen cardoon, prickly artichoke, cardon, cardonette
Cynara scolymus L. (syn. C. cardunculus) Artisjok artichoke (globe) artichaut
Cyperus esculentus aardamandel chufa/ tigernut, earth almond amande de terre, souchet comestible
Cyphomandra crassicaulis (syn. C. betacea) Zie Solanum betaceum Boomtomaat, tamarillo Tree tomata, Tamarillo tomate d'arbre, prune de Japon
Cyphomandra crassicaulis (syn. C. betacea). Zie Solanum betaceum boomtomaat, Tamarillo tree tomato, Tamarillo tomate en arbre, Prune de Japon
Daucus carota L. (Daucus carota ssp.sativus) Wortel, peen, bos-, was-, breekpeen, grove-peen carrot(s) carottes
Dioscorea alata wateryam yam; white yam  
Dioscorea esculenta Aziatische yam, Chinese yam, aardappelyam    
Dioscorea japonica Japanse yam   Igname 
Dioscorea ssp. yam yam igname
Dioscorea trifida cush-cush-yam    
Eruca vesicaria ssp sativa (syn. Eruca sativa, Rucola cultivata)  Raketsla, notensla, Roquette, Rucula, Salat Rauke ("Sla met notensmaak") salad rocket / rocket Roman rocket roquette
Euterpe edulis palmhart heart of palm coeur de palmier, chou palmier, chou-palmiste
Eutrema wasabi wasabi, Japanse mierikswortel Japanese horseradish  
      Copyright G. De Kinder - www.houtwal.be

Verklarend plantenwoordenboek: ABC van het plantenlatijn. Betekenis van botanische plantennamen. Dit boek is te bestellen bij shopmybooks.com
Auteur: Guy De Kinder - www.houtwal.be